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WRDTC Fifth Annual Conference 2016: PhD Posters Exhibition

June 29, 2016

 

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Posters Abstracts

Yara Abdelaty
Department of Education, University of York
The Impact of Peer-Feedback in a Cloud-based Collaborative Writing Environment on EFL Students’ Written Work
Although writing is primarily an individual activity, research indicated that much can be achieved in tasks involving pairs and groups of students. With the advancement of technology, collaborative practices are being advocated due to the potential of so-called “cloud-based technologies”. While research on cloud-based technologies has recently proliferated, little is known about their affordances in facilitating peer work and the nature of such collaboration. Using a mixed method design, this study will investigate peer feedback in an online collaborative writing environment using Google Docs. Data will be collected from questionnaires, students’ artefacts within Google Docs, focus group interviews, video screen recordings of collaborative interactions. The study attempts to answer the following questions: How do EFL students perceive cloud-peer feedback?; How do students scaffold each other in constructing a joint text as evidenced in the “revision history” of Google Docs; and to what extent cloud-peer feedback help improve students’ written product?

Affra Al Shamsi
School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield
A Mixed Method Investigation of Knowledge Sharing in Cross-Professional Teams in Healthcare-Research Methodology Review
This investigation maps the intersections between teamwork and knowledge sharing (KS) within healthcare, aiming to reconcile practice and evidence.
This inductive-driven investigation is built on predominantly qualitative research approaches involving a quantitative component. The research enables a holistic understanding through a literature review and document analysis, followed by a mixed method systematic review (MMSR), interviews and focus groups, exploring variables associated with KS in healthcare teams. The quantitative component, primarily the questionnaire, will examine the relationships among these variables, with statistical evidence allowing generalisation of data. The MMSR uncovers themes within the literature to enhance the research.
This research methodology is innovative in its scope and complexity. Frequently ‘mixed methods’ denotes that different types of data are collected and triangulated rather than integrated. This research uses a combined approach throughout, building a solid framework through integrating mixed methods data collection and analysis, adding unique and new knowledge in this field.

Latifa Alenezi
School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield
How Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is used in Physiotherapy Management for Chronic Low Back Pain (CLBP): A Gap to be addressed using Grounded Theory Approach
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a psychological pain management strategy that is sometimes used by physiotherapists treating chronic low back pain (CLBP) (Brunner 2013). The proposed study was preceded by a mixed methods systematic review that found that CBT has a beneficial effect for CLBP patients when compared to waiting list or other treatments; however, there is variation in effectiveness across different settings. None of the studies explored how CBT is effective for CLBP or why there is variation in CBT effectiveness. The study will take a qualitative approach to explore perceptions of CBT and how it is used in physiotherapy to enable a deeper understanding and richer explanation of CBT effectiveness and help to inform research and practice. The study will generate an explanatory theory of the clinical application of CBT for CLBP in physiotherapy settings. The study has been reviewed and granted NHS ethical approval and R&D approval.

Marjorie Baquedano
Department of Sociological Studies, University of Sheffield
Measuring Inequality in Chilean People Well-being
This research proposes developing a multidimensional analysis of well-being inequality overcoming those studies based on income inequality as the main indicator. By contrast, we suggest that inequality is a complex phenomenon which requires involving several dimensions. Particularly, this proposal are focused on aspects such as living conditions, health, cultural capital, working conditions, economic welfare and social support.
The poster includes a critical review of the main issues related to well-being inequality studies, taking into consideration those well-being dimensions particularly important to the Chilean context as one of the most unequal countries in Latin America.
This research pretends to contribute to more effective directions confronting inequalities on several dimensions of people well-being and identifying those areas in which individuals are more vulnerable.

Andrew Bwambale
Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds
Developing Transport Planning Models Using Mobile Phone Data
Mobile phone penetration rates have significantly increased over the last decade. Network operators usually maintain a record of the location, time and duration of communication events in Call Detail Records (CDRs) for billing purposes. Previous studies have extracted travel patterns from CDRs through passive tracking of anonymous mobile phone location traces. However, to increase the transport planning value of CDRs, it is important to understand the demographics of individuals associated with such anonymous movements since these are important inputs into transport models. However, demographic information is usually not released with CDRs due to privacy reasons. Therefore, a reasonable compromise is to have a probabilistic understanding of user demographics. This study develops discrete choice model frameworks for incorporating probabilistic demographics into transport models. The study focusses on; predicting user demographics from CDRs; and incorporating the demographic predictions into transport models, particularly, trip generation and mode choice models.

Hye-in Chung
School of Law, University of Leeds
Ideological Challenges to Sexual Offence Legislation in South Korea-Patriarchy and Confucianism: Heritage or Hurdle?
In general, each society has different social and cultural norms of regulating sexual offences based on its religious, cultural and social background. As each country has its own rationale on the regulation of sexual offences in its legislation, it clearly reflects how the society perceives the matter of sexuality. In case of Korea, sexual offence issues were heavily influenced by Patriarchal way of thinking and Confucianism. They not only have shaped a general way of thinking in everyday lives but also affected various aspects of criminal justice system in Korea. This poster provides the overview of recent changes in sexual offence legislation to explore how the law has responded to the influence of Patriarchy and Confucianism in recent years.

John Dotse
Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield
Behavioural Predictors of Road Crash Risks among Commercial Drivers in Ghana: A Research Proposal
Every year 1.24 million people die through road crashes in the world while 50 million more develop permanent trauma (WHO, 2015). Road crash fatalities in Ghana are one of the highest in the world. Efforts to reduce road traffic deaths by improving road infrastructure yield few results. Behavioural factors such as fatigue driving, inattention, stress and anxiety which results into errors, violations and lapses while driving have been identified as major contributory factors to road crashes worldwide. However, these factors are not being given adequate attention in the formulation of the road safety policies. The proposed study will investigate behavioural factors as predictors of driver crashes in Ghana. An initial qualitative study will explore factors influencing driving behaviour that may be specific to Ghana. This will inform a quantitative design to explore the links between behavioural factors and driving behaviour. The findings will inform road safety policy in Ghana.

Audrey Dugué-Nevers
School of East Asian Studies, University of Sheffield
China & Soft Power: the Silk Road of Ideas
The 21st century is a multi-polar world where economies are intertwined, creating a balance of powers. States have an influence on others, and are influenced by others, as a result of the circulation of goods, ideas and culture.
My PhD research aims to explore how and to what extent an authoritarian state such as China is able to wield soft power by drawing upon its history and culture. More specifically, I examine how China is adapting an American public diplomacy concept to monitor and alter its image, expand its cultural and diplomatic influence worldwide and enhance international cooperation. My contribution will assess how the Chinese notion of soft power is currently being applied in contemporary Sino-EU relations. In so doing, I seek to move beyond the Sino-US centric debate on soft power by bringing in a European perspective, analysing how soft power meshes within a different relational context.

Dawn Fletcher
Department of Sociological Studies, University of Sheffield
This is Men’s Derby: the Everyday Practices of Masculinity in Men’s Roller Derby
My research represents an attempt to discover how men explore and display masculinities in a sport which is dominated by women. The place of male skaters and the growth of men’s teams in roller derby remains under-theorised, and thus far research is mostly limited to discussion of women and femininity. This poster explores how I situated myself in the research and defined my methodology, and concludes with a consideration of my initial findings. The men’s team I am researching places emphasis on creating and maintaining good impressions, and their masculinity is expressed through ‘playing their game’ and remaining ‘calm and controlled’, although there is some dissent about how exactly to define these states, and for whom this impression is created.

Thiago Guimarães
Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds
Does a Metro Line Work? Rethinking Evaluation of Large-Scale Public Transport Schemes in Developing Cities
Along with a big share of households in poverty situation, a high level of socioeconomic inequality, and socio-spatial segregation, cities of developing countries are marked by an overall inequity of the mobility conditions. The majority of people face inadequate conditions of accessibility, safety, and comfort for undertaking daily activities. However, there is a lack of evidence on whether transport interventions meet equity goals – even the large-scale projects, which require huge investments and yield considerable impacts in the urban area.
The poster shows the research design of a PhD research project aimed at developing an evaluation approach for a prospective assessment of social and distributional impacts (SDIs) of a large-scale physical transport infrastructure intervention.
Covered topics include pitfalls surrounding the definition of social and distributional impacts of urban passenger transport interventions, and the potentials and weaknesses of conventional transport evaluation techniques to cope with the assessment of SDIs.

Vedran Lesic
Leeds University Business School
Do Consumers Know their Electricity Use?
Policy makers want households to save electricity, to reduce CO2 emissions and improve the reliability of the electricity grid. If consumers are unaware of how much electricity is used by their household such encouragements may be ineffective. We examined how each participant estimated whether they use less, more or equal electricity in their household in comparison with 1) their community and 2.) average US. household. Study was conducted on 118 Texas households measuring real-time electricity consumption over 12 months at the sub-circuit level. In addition, participants completed online survey. Consumers’ perceptions of their relative household electricity use are quite accurate for both Pecan Street Community and average US. household. Consumers who think they use more do indeed use much more electricity. We discuss implications for the design of effective electricity feedback for consumers.

Kaying Li
Sheffield University Management School
An Investigation into the Role of Cognitive, Emotional and Cultural Factors in the Decision Making Process for Infant Milk Powder in the Chinese Market
Aims& Objects: This research will be conducted to examine consumers’ key psychological and cultural decision making factors, the current marketing of infant milk powder in China, and to propose alternative and effective marketing communications for this product category.
Research method: Mix method. First, qualitative pilot study (focus groups and interviews) will be conducted with consumers from various urban locations in China, will be used to assess the role of risk, emotions, organic credentials, persuasion knowledge, cultural values and other decision making factors. Second, quantitative survey will be conducted to examine the relationships among such factors. Third, quantitative research via laboratory experiments will be used to test hypotheses about which types of marketing communications/adverts would be most effective for promoting such products.

Greg Maciejewski
School of Psychology, University of Leeds
Experience with the Meanings of Ambiguous Words
Our experience with the different meanings of ambiguous words (e.g., “money/ river bank”) guides the process of language comprehension, such that we normally disambiguate these words towards their high-frequency meaning (“money bank”). The present study examined whether experience with the meanings of ambiguous words, or meaning frequency, varies across individuals. We collected meaning-frequency ratings for 100 ambiguous words from 100 native speakers living throughout the UK. The study revealed considerable inter-individual variation, suggesting that meaning frequency may depend on one’s actual exposure to the different meanings of ambiguous words. Our meaning-frequency ratings also differed from those in the analogous American English norms, pointing to important dialectal differences in the way we encounter and use ambiguous words. Contrary to a popular assumption, the present study suggests that meaning frequency is a fluid property of ambiguous words, which adapts to our linguistic experience and environment.

Tamsin Margary
School of Psychology, University of Leeds
Comparing the Effects of Exercise, Rest and Sleep on Memory for Newly Learned Words in Adults
Sleep-related gains in memory for newly-learned words are widely reported (Dumay & Gaskell, 2007). Emerging evidence suggests exercise (Roig et al., 2012), after learning may also boost memory. We examined whether exercising after learning can benefit word learning, similar to sleep. Fifty-four adults learned novel words before completing one of three 20-minute cycling activity intervals (sedentary, low-intensity, moderate-intensity). Memory was measured after training, after activity, after sleep, and after a week. There was little evidence for differences between exercise and rest groups in explicit recall at any time point, however, both exercise groups showed some evidence of an early-emerging, implicit lexical competition effect immediately after activity. Resting participants did not show lexicalisation effects, even after sleep. The results suggest exercise may provide an opportunity for some types of memory consolidation to occur before sleep, and pose questions about the effects of unoccupied rest on the lexicalisation of new vocabulary.

Chandani Nekitsing
School of Psychology, University of Leeds
Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Strategies to Increase Vegetable Intake in Preschool Children, Aged 2-5 Years
Research shows that fruit intake in children has improved in recent years, yet the consumption of vegetables remains low. Therefore, to promote increased intake it is important to identify interventions which are most effective in children. Aim: to systematically synthesise evidence on strategies to enhance vegetable intake in preschool children, aged 2-5 years. Method: A comprehensive search strategy was carried out using databases such as Medline, Embase and PsychINFO to identify relevant articles from 2005 onwards. Results: from 30 included articles (n= 4017) it emerged that interventions which implemented a repeated taste exposure strategy had better effects on vegetable intake than those which did not, such as educational strategies. Moreover, vegetables which were unfamiliar or disliked improved more in terms of intake than familiar vegetables. Conclusions: Repeated taste exposure strategies and targeting use of novel or disliked vegetables could be recommended in daycare settings and at home.

Folayemi Owohunwa
School of Sociology and Social Policy, University of Leeds
This Marriage is Killing Me: the Agony of a Young Bride
While there is widespread agreement that child marriage, early pregnancy and early motherhood harmfully affects general development and education of young girls, the links with cultural and religious value system and the wider consequences on national development have not been adequately explored in Nigeria. This is mostly due to the fact that child marriage is being criticised on the basis of human rights but defended on the basis of cultural and religious values. In most communities in Nigeria, especially northern part of the country, child marriage is not seen as a human right violation. The practice is permitted by cultural and religious belief, in a country where customary and religious law supersede the existing constitution of the country. This poster, based on fieldwork experiences in northern Nigeria will give a brief background on the practice of child marriage, method and summary of finding in order to analyse the factors leading to the continuation of the practice.

Sally Sanger
Information School, University of Sheffield
Alcohol Online Support Groups: What Roles Can their Discussion Forums Play in Helping Users Develop their Beliefs about Alcoholism / Problem Drinking?
This poster will introduce a first year PhD study exploring the role alcohol online support groups (AOSGs) can play in helping users to construct their illness or problem representation of alcoholism / problem drinking. This will be a multi-method study covering analysis of posts from selected AOSGs’ discussion forums, and interviews with current or former users. It is envisaged that it will predominantly use thematic analysis.
Excessive drinking is a major problem for society, its impact on health, crime, domestic violence, for example, being well known. It is therefore important to help people to find ways to deal with it. Peer support is recognised by NICE and Public Health England (2013) as important for recovery. For those who do not want, or are not able, to attend face to face groups, an AOSG is an important option, with several advantages e.g., greater anonymity and no geographical or mobility restrictions.

Qingyang Sun
Department of Education, University of York
Longitudinal Development of International Students’ Development of Source Use for Stance Indication in Academic Writing
This poster will demonstrate the proposed research design of my PhD study. International students coming from a different educational background (e.g. East Asian countries) to the UK pursuing a master’s degree encounter considerable difficulties in academic writing. This is not only due to their linguistic ability but also more importantly down to their very different epistemology towards knowledge, especially reflected in their approach to manipulating sources for academic debates. Although source use has been widely researched regarding plagiarism and paraphrasing, fewer studies explored deeper-level functions of citation. This study will tap into students’ development of their source use ability throughout the one-year program. Methods to be used include text analysis of the students’ assignments produced throughout the whole year, and discourse-based interviews with the students in each term. Tutors who mark the assignments will also be interviewed to understand their perspectives of source use in those texts.

Katey R Twyford
Department of Sociological Studies, University of Sheffield
Can People with Dementia Live Well in Extra Care Housing? Research on the Possibilities and Practicalities
Extra care housing is becoming better known amongst older people as an alternative housing choice to residential care.
The research will consider whether attitudes and willingness to support people in extra care alters if the individual’s sense of self-identity diminishes, reducing their ability to project their personhood and potential to participate actively in an extra care community.
The research will examine the interplay between three foundations of extra care: nurturing a positive dementia friendly culture within extra care housing schemes; adopting pro-active policies and guidance to allocate extra care apartments to individuals with dementia; and designing and building an affordable dementia friendly environment.
Using a mixed-method approach the research will investigate issues important both to individuals with dementia and their carers, and to commissioners, designers, developers, and providers of extra care to better understand the potential for extra care housing to support people with dementia.

Christopher Worrall
Department of Journalism Studies, University of Sheffield
Populism v Purpose: Edwardian Labour and the Popular Press
Drawing from extensive archival work, this poster will discuss the reaction of the early Labour party to the rise of the New Journalism in the form of its own daily newspaper, the Daily Citizen. Influenced by the successful emergence of titles such as the Daily Mail, it was a three-year venture designed to spread the word of the Labour party to a mass audience using many of the editorial and linguistic innovations pioneered by this first generation of what later become the ‘tabloid’ press. This poster will show, through examples of the paper’s language and regular content, how the Citizen became a fascinating ideological battle at the heart of the early British labour movement, divided between its deeply held ideological perceptions of working-class interests and the commercial realities of wanting to sell their newspaper to a mass, working-class audience.